State is one of the few states in India which have witnessed the full
success of the green revolution. Soon
after the inception of Haryana State in 1966, the Government gave the
highest priority to improving agricultural production in the rural area. Measures included expanding and modernizing the irrigation
system in the shortest possible time.
The State has an unhappy location and consequently suffers from
acute shortage of water to meet the expanding irrigation requirements. The state is underlain by Saline Ground Water specially in
deep zones in about 65 per cent of the area.
The rise of saline water table is phenomenal and varies from 0.3 to
1 m per year. Out of the
total 44212 sq. km. area of the state, an area of 4000 sq. km has entered
into danger zone with depth of groundwater table within 0 to 3 metres.
Alarmingly, an area of 400 sq. km. Is engulfed in the groundwater table
depth of 1 metre thus entrapped by the waterlogging conditions alongwith
intense secondary salinisation.
Know about CADA, Haryana
Command Area Development Authority was setup in Haryana in the year 1974 under a Centrally Sponsored Scheme on matching basis i.e. 50:50 by the Government of India and the State Govt. to promote optimum utilisation of irrigation potential on selected projects. For implementing CAD Programme, "Command Area Development Authority, Haryana" was established at Hisar in 1974 with the Commissioner, Hisar Division as ex-officio Chairman of the Society and Administrator of the Authority. This society was registered under the Society Registration Act, 1860 on 19th Aug. 1974. Now, to give an impetus to CAD activities, a separate Commissioner has been posted by Haryana Govt. w.e.f. 01.04.1983, who is a supertime scale I.A.S. Officer.
The Haryana Irrigation department has primary responsibility for managing state water resources and providing essential services in this sector. The Irrigation Department is responsible for distribution of irrigation water in the main canals, distributory and minors upto watercourses and operates and maintain all related facilities (Except watercourses).